November 27, 2018
Much to my surprise, the concept of using a rack and paniers is discouraged. That kind of thing is appropriate for road touring, but for trail travel, other schemes are used. Also carrying anything on a pack on your person is discouraged. I spoke with Dillon at Fairwheel bikes and he says that even carrying a hydration pack on your person is a nuisance compared to having it on the bike.
The best place to carry heavy stuff (like water) is in a triangular "frame bag". Light bulky objects belong hung on the handlebars, and a third place to have cargo is a bag under and behind the seat.
Naturally, you can spend money and get nicely made bags for each location, but this can quickly add up. It is also possible to improvise and make do. A company "Revelate" has a good reputation, along with "Bedrock Bags".
I already carry a Black Diamond Axis 24 daypack on most of my rides, so this will require no changes. REI sells the salty roll (15 liters) for $38. REI also sells the Revelate handlebar harness for $85, which is simply a bracket and straps to attach some other bag. Typically the sleeping bag goes on the handlebars. Your sleeping pad goes in or on the daypack. A tent inside the handlebar bag will provide some structure by way of the poles.
The Revelate "gas tank" bag goes behind the stem and on top of the top frame tube. This is a classic, named by resemblance to a motorcycle gas tank. $55 1 liter.
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